Level II Replacement Manual 
This manual contains Lessons #8 - #16. Student learn to work with the white pawn, called star, which is the opposite of the blue pawn. (Together, a blue and white pawn is worth zero) Students employ various properties of equality to solve equations. Among the properties used in Level II are the addition property of equality, the additive identity property and the property of additive inverses. These technical names not be mentioned, but the students understand the underlying concepts. The students experience these properties on a kinesthetic level.